A rare pathology that causes deformity and thinning of the cornea. This can cause poor vision, even with glasses, or increasing astigmatism or difficulty in adjusting successfully. It is very important to have an early diagnosis for proper treatment. It is diagnosed and monitored by corneal topography.
Currently we have effective treatments to prevent and slow its progression or improve corneal deformity:
- Cross linking. It is a simple, non-invasive procedure to treat keratoconus and emerging corneal ectasia when vision is still good. Riboflavin eye drops are applied that fully impregnate the cornea and then a UVA laser is used, producing a reaction that strengthens the corneal collagen and prevents disease progression.
- Intrastromal corneal rings. Rings of different thickness are used according to the defect to be corrected. The procedure is reversible and if the results are not suitable you can change or remove the rings.